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3.6: One-Way ANOVA Greenhouse Example in Minitab

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    Step 1: Import the data

    The data (Lesson 1 Data) can be copied and pasted from a word processor into a worksheet in Minitab:

    Screenshot of fertilizer dataset in Minitab worksheet.
    Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\): Worksheet in Minitab of Lesson 1 data.

    Step 2: Run the ANOVA

    To run the ANOVA, we use the sequence of tool-bar tabs: Stat > ANOVA > One-way…

    Selecting the Stat, ANOVA, and One-Way windows in Minitab.
    Figure \(\PageIndex{2}\): Selecting toolbar tabs in Minitab.

    You then get the pop-up box seen below. Be sure to select from the drop-down in the upper right, "Response data are in a separate column for each factor level":

    ANOVA pop-up window with "response data are in a separate column for each factor level" selected from the dropdown menu and "Control F1 F2 F3" in the "Responses" window.
    Figure \(\PageIndex{3}\): ANOVA pop-up window in Minitab.

    Then we double-click from the left-hand list of factor levels to the input box labeled "Responses", and then click on the box labeled Comparisons.

    ANOVA: Comparisons pop-up window, with a value of "5" for error rate for comparison, the box for "Tukey" checked for comparison procedures, and the boxes for "interval plot for differences of means" and "grouping information" checked for results.
    Figure \(\PageIndex{4}\): ANOVA: Comparisons pop-up window in Minitab.

    We check the box for Tukey and then exit by clicking on OK. To generate the Diagnostics, we then click on the box for Graphs and select the "Three in one" option:

    ANOVA: Graphs pop-up window with the "Three in one" option selected for residual plots.
    Figure \(\PageIndex{5}\): ANOVA: Graphs pop-up window in Minitab.

    You can now "back out" by clicking on OK in each nested panel.

    Step 3: Results

    Now in the Session Window, we see the ANOVA table along with the results of the Tukey Mean Comparison:

    One-Way ANOVA: Control, F1, F2, F3


    Null Hypothesis: All means are equal

    Alternative Hypothesis: Not all means are equal

    Significance Level: \(\alpha=0.05\)

    Equal variances were assumed for the analysis.

    Factor Information

    Factor Levels Values
    Factor 4 Control, F1, F2, F3

    Analysis of Variance

    Source DF Adj SS Adj MS F-Value P-Value
    Factor 3 251.44 83.813 27.46 0.000
    Error 20 61.03 3.052
    Total 23 312.47

    (Extracted from the output that follows from above.)

    Grouping Information Using Tukey Method

    N Mean Grouping
    F3 6 29.200 A
    F1 6 28.600 A B
    F2 6 25.867 B
    Control 6 21.000 C

    Means that do not share a letter are significantly different.

    Difference of means plot for Tukey 95% confidence limits.
    Figure \(\PageIndex{6}\): Minitab difference in means plot.

    As can be seen, Minitab provides a difference in means plot, which can be conveniently used to identify the significantly different means by following the rule: if the confidence interval does not cross the vertical zero line, then the difference between the two associated means is statistically significant.

    The diagnostic (residual) plots, as we asked for them, are in one figure:

    Diagnostic residual plots, including the normal probability plot of percent vs residual, versus fit plot of residual vs fitted value, and histogram of frequency vs residual.
    Figure \(\PageIndex{7}\): Residual plots generated by Minitab.

    Note that the Normal Probability plot is reversed (i.e, the axes are switched) compared to the SAS output. Assessing straight line adherence is the same, and the residual analysis provided is comparable to SAS output.

    This page titled 3.6: One-Way ANOVA Greenhouse Example in Minitab is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Penn State's Department of Statistics.

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