Table 10.844.
What is the random variable?
45.
State the null and alternative hypotheses.
46.
What is the test statistic?
47.
At the 1% significance level, what is your conclusion?
Plant group 
Sample mean height of plants (inches) 
Population standard deviation 
Food 
16 
2.5 
No food 
14 
1.5 
Table \(\PageIndex{9}\)
48.
Is the population standard deviation known or unknown?
49.
State the null and alternative hypotheses.
50.
At the 1% significance level, what is your conclusion?
Use the following information to answer the next five exercises. Two metal alloys are being considered as material for ball bearings. The mean melting point of the two alloys is to be compared. 15 pieces of each metal are being tested. Both populations have normal distributions. The following table is the result. It is believed that Alloy Zeta has a different melting point.

Sample mean melting temperatures (°F) 
Population standard deviation 
Alloy Gamma 
800 
95 
Alloy Zeta 
900 
105 
Table 10.10
51.
State the null and alternative hypotheses.
52.
Is this a right, left, or twotailed test?
53.
At the 1% significance level, what is your conclusion?
10.6 Matched or Paired Samples
Use the following information to answer the next five exercises. A study was conducted to test the effectiveness of a software patch in reducing system failures over a sixmonth period. Results for randomly selected installations are shown in Table \(\PageIndex{11}\). The “before” value is matched to an “after” value, and the differences are calculated. The differences have a normal distribution. Test at the 1% significance level.
Installation 
A 
B 
C 
D 
E 
F 
G 
H 
Before 
3 
6 
4 
2 
5 
8 
2 
6 
After 
1 
5 
2 
0 
1 
0 
2 
2 
Table 10.11
54.
What is the random variable?
55.
State the null and alternative hypotheses.
56.
What conclusion can you draw about the software patch?
Use the following information to answer next five exercises. A study was conducted to test the effectiveness of a juggling class. Before the class started, six subjects juggled as many balls as they could at once. After the class, the same six subjects juggled as many balls as they could. The differences in the number of balls are calculated. The differences have a normal distribution. Test at the 1% significance level.
Subject 
A 
B 
C 
D 
E 
F 
Before 
3 
4 
3 
2 
4 
5 
After 
4 
5 
6 
4 
5 
7 
Table \(\PageIndex{12}\)
57.
State the null and alternative hypotheses.
58.
What is the sample mean difference?
59.
What conclusion can you draw about the juggling class?
Use the following information to answer the next five exercises. A doctor wants to know if a blood pressure medication is effective. Six subjects have their blood pressures recorded. After twelve weeks on the medication, the same six subjects have their blood pressure recorded again. For this test, only systolic pressure is of concern. Test at the 1% significance level.
Patient 
A 
B 
C 
D 
E 
F 
Before 
161 
162 
165 
162 
166 
171 
After 
158 
159 
166 
160 
167 
169 
Table 10.13
60.
State the null and alternative hypotheses.
61.
What is the test statistic?
62.
What is the sample mean difference?
63.
What is the conclusion?