Surgery for Weight Loss
Research on the effectiveness of surgery for weight loss reported here found that "The surgery was associated with significantly greater weight loss [than the control group who dieted] through 2 years (61.3 versus 11.2 pounds, P<0.001)."
What test could have been used and how would it have been computed?
What do you think?
For each subject a difference score between their initial weight and final weight could be computed. A t test of whether the mean difference score differs significantly from 0 could then be computed. The mean difference score will equal the difference between the mean weight losses of the two groups (61.3 - 11.2 = 50.1).