# 7: One-Sample Inference

- Page ID
- 5205

Now that you have all this information about descriptive statistics and probabilities, it is time to start inferential statistics. There are two branches of inferential statistics: hypothesis testing and confidence intervals.

Definition \(\PageIndex{1}\)

**Hypothesis Testing**: making a decision about a parameter(s) based on a statistic(s).

Definition \(\PageIndex{2}\)

**Confidence Interval**: estimating a parameter(s) based on a statistic(s).

- 7.1: Basics of Hypothesis Testing
- In hypothesis testing, you need to first have an understanding of what a hypothesis is, which is an educated guess about a parameter. Once you have the hypothesis, you collect data and use the data to make a determination to see if there is enough evidence to show that the hypothesis is true. However, in hypothesis testing you actually assume something else is true, and then you look at your data to see how likely it is to get an event that your data demonstrates with that assumption.