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    The licensing for this textbook changes based on the webpage (sub-section).  As most of the textbook was modified from Foster et al. (2021), much of the textbook is CC-BY-NC-SA (a Creative Commons license that allows anyone to use the information for non-commercial purposes and the user must license the modified work in the same way).  Most of the other authors’ work is licensed as CC-BY-SA (a Creative Commons license allowing use that requires that any modifications of the current work is licensed in the same way).


    Homework related to this textbook were designed as worksheets that can be answered via Canvas Quizzes, and will be housed in Canvas Commons.  More questions were provided than might be reasonable for a student to complete for one assignment in order for faculty to have options to “mix and match” questions to create their own worksheets and Canvas quizzes.  Not only will that provide a better fit for you and your class, but it will reduce the likelihood of these exact scenarios and results leaking into the hands of the internet.  If this worksheet "quiz" format or the data sets don't work for you, there are full courses for behavioral statistics on Canvas Commons that provide quizzes or labs.  You can also look into MyOpenMath, or the Query or ADAPT functions in LibreTexts.  

    Book Features


    Many of the formulas and notation in this textbook are intentionally mathematically incorrect.  Although you and I may know what they mean, adding a bunch of subscripts and extra symbols can only confuse students.  In this introductory textbook, the notations and formulas were chosen to be easy to understand for students new to mathematical equations, rather than mathematically correct.  

    Common Formulas and Critical Value Tables

    In case you don't poke around in the Back Matter, there is a page of Common Formulas which includes all of the formulas discussed in this textbook.  There's also a Common Critical Value Tables page in the Back Matter that is linked to each page with a critical value table in the textbook.  


    This book was compiled to fulfill the requirements of the Course Identification descriptor (C-ID) for Math 110 for the California Community Colleges and Taft College’s Course Outline of Record for PSYC 2200 (Elementary Statistics for the Behavioral and Social Sciences).

    Additional Textbooks

    This textbook is a compilation of Dr. MO’s own work with a lot of support from several CC-BY-SA or CC-BY-NC-SA textbooks on LibreTexts website, including:

    Additional textbooks that might be useful are:

    Finally, this support course to help statistics students with basic math is also listed in Learning (Statistic) section of this textbook:  Green, L.  (2021).  Support Course for Elementary Statistics. Retrieved July 3, 2021, from


    Contributors and Attributions

    Dr. MO (Taft College)

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