Skip to main content
Statistics LibreTexts

19.1: Power Analysis

  • Page ID
    8814
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    We can compute a power analysis using functions from the pwr package. Let’s focus on the power for a t-test in order to determine a difference in the mean between two groups. Let’s say that we think than an effect size of Cohen’s d=0.5 is realistic for the study in question (based on previous research) and would be of scientific interest. We wish to have 80% power to find the effect if it exists. We can compute the sample size needed for adequate power using the pwr.t.test() function:

    pwr.t.test(d=0.5, power=.8)
    ## 
    ##      Two-sample t test power calculation 
    ## 
    ##               n = 64
    ##               d = 0.5
    ##       sig.level = 0.05
    ##           power = 0.8
    ##     alternative = two.sided
    ## 
    ## NOTE: n is number in *each* group

    Thus, about 64 participants would be needed in each group in order to test the hypothesis with adequate power.


    19.1: Power Analysis is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Russell A. Poldrack via source content that was edited to conform to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

    • Was this article helpful?