# 12.11: Statistical Literacy

• • David Lane
• Rice University
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Learning Objectives

• Effectiveness of Surgery for Weight Loss

Research on the effectiveness of surgery for weight loss reported here found that "The surgery was associated with significantly greater weight loss [than the control group who dieted] through $$2$$ years ($$61.3$$ versus $$11.2$$ pounds, $$P<0.001$$)."

Example $$\PageIndex{1}$$: what do you think

What test could have been used and how would it have been computed?

Solution

For each subject a difference score between their initial weight and final weight could be computed. A t test of whether the mean difference score differs significantly from $$0$$ could then be computed. The mean difference score will equal the difference between the mean weight losses of the two groups ($$61.3 - 11.2 = 50.1$$).

This page titled 12.11: Statistical Literacy is shared under a Public Domain license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by David Lane via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.